we need management?
I believe that the whole idea of managing people is obsolete. People are perfectly able to manage themselves. What we all need is great leadership.
Management is about controlling people and motivating them to do tasks in a “right” way. Leadership is about inspiring and releasing potential of everyone to do the right things in their own way within defined constrains and clear goal.
Creative leadership is an emerging philosophy in action. It is about creating an environment that promotes innovative thinking and entrepreneurship.
Creative leadership embraces change, courage, collaboration and creativity. It encourages
sharing, generosity, purpose and pragmatism. It creates value in action; from critical
analysis, experimentation, bold decisions, calculated risk taking, agility and
hard work. The main purpose is the triple bottom line:
planet, people, profit.
Leadership Theories from the past
Leadership theories have been around since storytelling was created. Let’s mention some of them:
“The heaviest penalty
for declining to rule is to be ruled by someone inferior to yourself” - Plato’s dialogue on leadership in Republic
· “It is better to be feared than loved” - Machiavelli’s The Prince
· “A leader is best when people barely know he exists, when his work is done, his aim fulfilled, they will say: we did it ourselves.” - Lao Tzu’s polar definition
the end of the industrial revolution, we have seen a progression from a dominant leader style from the
century, to a more egalitarian style, in which
interpersonal communication has lost its hierarchy, and value is judged on more
than consumer satisfaction alone.
·“Maximizing employees’ effectiveness through specialism” - Scientific Management, Taylor (1905)
· “Leaders are born, not made” - The Great Man theory (1840s)
· “Only men with the inborn characteristics for leadership will be successful, and have the innate ability to take their natural place when crises arise” - The Trait theory (1930s)
· “Three organizational leadership styles: autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire, with varying levels of management involvement and directive” - Lewin et al. (1939)
· “Leaders show great concern for employees, and include them in the decision-making” - the Participative Leadership theory, Dr. Rensis Likert
· “The best leadership style is the one that best fit a given situation” - the Contingency Theory of Leadership, Fred Fiedler (1973)
· “Leader is characterized as “dominant”, having a strong desire to influence others, being self-confident, and having a strong sense of one’s own moral values” - Charismatic Leadership, Robert House (1976)
· “Conscious joint decision, and delegation of authority” - of the Participative Leadership Gary Yukl (1971)
· “The maturity or developmental level of the follower” - Situational Leadership, Dr. Paul Hersey and Dr. Ken Blanchard (1977)
Currently, the limitations of big companies are renewing interest in leadership qualities associated with small enterprise development.
· Entrepreneurial leadership can be defined as the ability to anticipate opportunities, envision new concepts, collaborate and respond fast to changes or opportunities. (Kuratko, 2007).
Due to big global issues that are already influencing people and planet, social entrepreneurship might be the only way for future leadership. In addition to entrepreneurial leadership qualities, focus is on creating value with higher purpose, sharing resources and working as community in small flexible teams.
As time passes, leadership theories will come and go. What will stay is the impact leader makes and created value, for people and planet.
How do you want to be remembered? What has been your impact?